STATLIT NEWS IN
2006 

Who first used the phrase "statistical
literacy"?

What new QR/QL textbooks were released
in 200506?

Who asked "What can go wrong with QL
programs?" and provided answers with with real examples?

Who claimed that 'statistical illiteracy'
is "a consequence of the different visions about statistics"?

What statistical group gave their definition
of "statistical literacy"?

Who said "the purpose of statistical literacy at school" is to prepare graduates "to
participate in social decision making"?

Who made 'statistical literacy' a #1 goal
of statistics education?


Who said, "QLfriendly courses will
likely replace courses such as college algebra that are now being
used ineffectively as general education courses"? In
what context was it said?

What college agreed with its math
department to drop algebra from the list of math courses that
students can use to fulfill their numeracy requirements for general
studies?

Who asserted
that "the inherent ambiguity" of 'statistical literacy',
'statistical reasoning' and 'statistical thinking' "makes
them unsuitable as learning goals for statistics education"?

Who analyzed 229 percentage graphs in USA Today
online?

In what group did 52%
"strongly agree" that "describing & comparing percentages in tables
& graphs is valuable for citizens"?

MEMORABLE QUOTES 
I didn't really realize how important statistical literacy is until I
took this course. Even though I really don't like math, I may consider
another statistics course just to get full understanding and better skilled.”
Capella student comment in
Isaacson's 2006 ASA
slides
"Statistical literacy is the meeting of the data and chance curriculum
and the everyday world."
The purpose of statistical literacy at school is to prepare graduates "to
participate in social decision making." Jane Watson
Statistical Literacy at School
"The Mathematics and Statistics Department at Arizona State University
has
removed college algebra from the list of courses students
can use to fulfill their numeracy requirements for general studies.
The department has taken this action as it believes students requiring only
one mathematics course in their college experience should be introduced to
mathematics that is more applied in nature. We further believe any
student taking college algebra should have every intention of taking another
mathematics course."
Isom, 2004
MAA SW News
"College and university mathematics will need to change pedagogical
approaches if it is to successfully lead QL education. If it does not, then
I believe QL is a major threat to collegiate mathematics because QLfriendly
courses will likely replace courses such as college algebra that are now
being used ineffectively as general education courses, and a major fraction
of collegiate mathematics enrollments is in college algebra and other
algebra courses."
Madison's
2006 ASA paper 
FIRST STATISTICALLITERACY TEXTBOOK 
This
1979 textbook described statistical literacy as the ability to read and
interpret data. "Rather than designing
an experiment and collecting and analyzing the data, students are more
likely to read the results of an experiment and need to interpret those
results." Read the
preface and the
table of contents. 
The phrase 'statistical literacy" was the title of his 1979 textbook.
This is a very early use of 'statistical literacy' in statistical
education. See Haack's
1979 and
1980 articles in
Teaching Statistics.
Investigate his background with the
NCTE
Doublespeak Award.
Note his focus on treating statistics as a language. 
NEW BOOKS 
'Statistical literacy' is
used "to emphasize that the purpose of the school curriculum ... is to
prepare statistically literate graduates who are prepared to participate
in social decision making." "Every one needs to be able to
question statistical claims." "Statistical literacy is the
meeting of the data and chance curriculum and the everyday world."

Bracey hopes this book will "make nonresearchers wiser
consumers of the statistics and data they find not only in research
articles, but, especially, in oped pieces and commission reports... "
See Bracey's 32 principles of data interpretation.
A mustread for all those interested in statistical literacy. 
Summarizes the mathematical skills necessary
to be quantitatively literate. Presents reviews of seven
standalone Q/L courses and 11 interdisciplinary
and interdepartmental programs.
Includes historical reviews and essays on assessment. Excellent
survey articles by Susan Ganter and William Briggs.
more 
Jane Miller has a
second great book
on the effective presentation of quantitative information involving
multivariate analysis. Presents key principles, useful
tools and varied applications. "This is a terrific book..." James Trussell, Princeton.
Reviewed in The American Statistician 2006, vol. 60, no. 2, pp.
203  204. 
Statistical Evidence in Medical Trials: Mountain or Molehill, What Do
the Data Really Tell Us? by
Stephen Simon]. Ch 1: Apples or Oranges:
The Selection of the Control Group. Ch 2. What was Left Out:
Exclusions, Refusals and Dropouts. Ch 3. Mountains or Molehills:
The Clinical Importance of the Results. Ch 4. What Do the Other
Witnesses Say: Importance of Corroborating Evidence.

Ch 5. Do the Pieces Fit Together?
Systematic Overviews and MetaAnalyses. Ch 6. What do all these numbers
mean? Ch 7. Where is all the evidence.
2012 Review Website.
This book "addresses common pitfalls in evaluating medical research.
Including ... a
nontechnical account of how to appraise the quality of evidence
presented in these publications, this book is ideal for healthcare
professionals, students in medical or nursing schools, researchers and
students in statistics, and anyone needing to assess the evidence
published in medical journals." "Revolutionary"  "a statistics
book without numbers." 
NEW QR BOOKS 
What
the Numbers Say
"Field Guide to Mastering Numbers" by Derrick
Niederman and David Boyum. "This duo continues the noble cause of
dispelling math phobia, especially its application in the vital
lifeskills department. all people need to be fluent in two
languages–words and numbers. Yet
our schools do not teach and our students do not learn how to be
quantitatively literate. This book demonstrates what traditionally
is not taught." Interview. 
Jay
Abramson and Mathew Isom
(Arizona State) use this in a
first year math
course.
Goal: "to enhance students
level of quantitative literacy and understanding numeracy in context.
Development of the students ability to use the words from mathematics in
context to form an argument was an essential skill."
Abstract of
talk.
2006
syllabus 
by
Greg Langkamp and
Joseph Hull (2006).
Analyzes "real environmental information and problems, using
mathematics accessible to students with an intermediate algebra
background." Topics: "basic numeracy, function modeling,
difference equation modeling and elementary statistics." 
By Alicia Sevilla and Kay Somers (Moravian College). Helps students
apply mathematical reasoning in daily life. Topics: Numerical Reasoning
(functions, models, logs, indexes), Logical Reasoning (Decision making,
inductive,, deductive) and Statistical Reasoning (conditional
probability, tables).

GENERAL ARTICLES 
Statist. Sci.
Vol. 20, Num. 3 (2005):
Darrell Huff and
Fifty Years of How to Lie with Statistics by Steele. Lies,
Calculations & Constructions: Beyond How to Lie with Statistics by
Joel Best. Lying with Maps by Monmonier.
How to
Confuse with Statistics: The Use and Misuse of Conditional
Probabilities by Krämer & Gigerenzer.
How to Lie
with Bad Data by De Veaux & Hand.
How to
Accuse the Other Guy of Lying with Statistics by Charles Murray. Ephedra
by Sally Morton.
In Search of the Magic Lasso: The Truth About
the Polygraph by Fienberg & Stern. 
By
Larry Lesser (UTEP,
Texas). An excellent review of Simpson's Paradox: a
key issue in Statistical Literacy. This chapter in the 2001
NCTM yearbook is now web available. Readers can reflect on the
"relative strengths and weaknesses of various representations"
Presents a trapezoidal technique illustrating Simpson's Paradox
after taking into account the influence of a binary
confounder. 
The fall 2006 issue of STATS magazine featured this article by Milo
Schield (W. M. Keck Statistical Literacy Project) with the subtitle, "Understanding
Confounding from Lurking Variables Using Graphs." This
essay presents a new graphical technique that allows students to
calculate the effect of a binary confounder on an association. 
This article by William
Briggs helps set the context for Quantitative Literacy in the
MAA's Current Practices in Q/L. He
notes the "algebra dilemma" in designing a successful liberal
arts mathematics course and argues that "less could be better."
He argues that we should "avoid doing algebra when there is no
ulterior purpose and let the applications determine the necessary
mathematics." He notes that "the development of
effective mathematics courses for liberal arts students is
happening, albeit on a slow time scale." 
Do we need a public understanding of statistics?
by
Fabienne Crettaz von Roten (University of Lausanne, Switzerland). She noted that Shen (1975)
divided science literacy into three categories: practical
[problemsolving] scientific literacy, civic scientific literacy, and
cultural [appreciative] scientific literacy. Public
Understanding of Science 2006 15: 243. 
Struck by
Lightning: The Curious World of Probabilities by
Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, Univ.
Toronto. "deconstructs the odds and oddities of chance, examining both
the relevant and irreverent role of randomness in our everyday lives." 
"QUIRK"@

CARLETON (USA) 
Carleton
proposed
QUIRK "To Strengthen the Educational Foundations of Citizenship"
saying, "students avoid quantitative reasoning (QR)" and
"frequently do not transfer [QR] skills; the College’s curriculum
currently lacks sufficient coordination in cultivating QR skills;
faculty seek basic and broader training in QR; and faculty seek a rich
means of assessing student learning of QR." Carleton's
proposal: "to use writing portfolios to assess and guide QR
curriculum reform." 
In
the
fall 2006 QUIRK workshop, Neil Lutsky (right) proposed "Ten
Questions to Ask about Numbers."
Corri
Taylor (left), president of the National Numeracy Network, reviewed
"QR across the Liberal Arts
disciplines at Wellesley." See also
Spring 2006 workshop. 
In
his APA article, Neil
Lutsky (QUIRK Director) gave four reasons why psychology is wellsuited to contribute to undergraduate education in
quantitative reasoning. He argues that "psychologists can
appreciate the educational rationale for QR across the curriculum"
if students "are to develop and strengthen generalized QR cognitive
tendencies." 
In his ASA paper analyzing 200 student writing portfolios, Neil Lutsky
(QUIRK Director) found that QR was central in a third (peripheral in about a third) and
that QR reasoning was used in twothirds of the former (about a tenth
of the latter). Criteria for usage
included, "Takes advantage
of opportunities to test claims empirically; Interprets data in light of
questions under consideration; Presents the analysis of data and
interpretation of results effectively; and
Assesses the limitations of the
methods employed to the task or assignment." 
2006 SIGMAA QL 
Judy
Moran (Trinity) asked an important question: What can go wrong with QL programs?
Her answers: "money runs out; the program is too expensive to be continued
by the home institution. Colleagues do not support (or hatchet)
program. School administration changes, and changes, and changes, and
changes. Program depends on a few individuals who become exhausted
and burned out." 
QR
Courses at Colleges
Maura
Mast
presented "Q/R Requirement at the Univ. of Massachusetts Boston."
Kimberly M. Vincent and Beth Buyserie, Washington State Univ. presented
"Learning to Make Inferences: Connecting Q/L and Language Arts for
Math and English Preservice Teachers." Bernie Madison
(Univ. of Arkansas) presented
Math News. Schield (Augsburg College) presented "Mathematics
of Association". 
2005
MAA Quantitative Literacy Workshop 
Stephen
Sweet (left, Ithaca College) presented
Teaching Data Structures and
Relationships Using General Social Surveys. Jack Bookman (Duke
Univ.) presented Lessons
Learned About Assessing Quantitative Literacy. Judy
Moran (Trinity)
reviewed
Trinity's QL program. Bernie Madison (NNN President)
presented slides and a
detailed syllabus on News
Math. 
Caren
Diefenderfer (right) presented Hollins' Q/R goal: "to
understand mathematical and statistical reasoning" and "use
appropriate mathematical and/or statistical tools in summarizing data,
making predictions and establishing causeandeffect relationships."
Len Vacher
& Beth Fratesi (Univ S. Florida) presented
Developing the Q/L Habit of Mind. 
STATISTICAL 
LITERACY (ASA) 
Under
Joan Garfield (chair), the GAISE college group concluded, "We should
teach students that the practical operation of statistics is to collect
and analyze data to answer questions." "The
desired result of all introductory statistics courses is to produce
statistically educated students which means that students should develop
statistical literacy and the ability to think statistically."
The GAISE College report recommended that "introductory courses in
statistics should, as much as possible, strive to: 1)
emphasize statistical literacy and develop statistical
thinking, 2) use real data, 3) stress conceptual understanding rather than mere knowledge of
procedures, 4) foster active learning in the classroom, 5) use technology for developing conceptual understanding and
analyzing data, and 6) integrate assessments that are aligned with course goals to
improve as well as evaluate student learning." 
Under
Chris Franklin, the GAISE PreK12 Group prepared
Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education
(GAISE). "The Ultimate Goal: Statistical Literacy."
Offered a threelevel framework for each step in a statistical study
(Formulate Question, Collect Data, Analyze Data and Interpret Results)
and for understanding variability. Many examples.
The GAISE PreK12 report, "the ultimate goal: statistical
Literacy."
A statistically literate high school
graduate will know how to interpret the data in the morning newspaper
and will ask the right questions about statistical claims.
The GAISE PreK12 report gave
these reasons: 1) Statistical literacy is required for
daily personal choices, 2) An investment in statistical
literacy is an investment in our nation’s economic future as well as the
wellbeing of individuals, and 3) Statistical
literacy is essential in our personal lives as consumers, citizens and
professionals. 
The GAISE College report stated, "We define statistical literacy as
understanding the basic language of statistics (e.g., knowing what
statistical terms and symbols mean and being able to read statistical
graphs), and understanding some fundamental ideas of statistics."
This report noted that, "students should develop statistical literacy
and the ability to think statistically." The
college report suggests assessing statistical literacy by students
"interpreting or critiquing articles in the news and graphs in media." 
"Some people teach courses that are heavily slanted toward teaching
students to become statistically literate and wise consumers of data;
this is somewhat similar to an art appreciation course. Some
teach courses more heavily slanted toward teaching students to become
producers of statistical analyses; this is analogous to the
studio art course. Most courses are a blend of consumer and
producer components, but the balance of that mix will determine the
importance of each recommendation." 
ICOTS7 
(Brazil) 7/2006 
Jane
Watson (Univ. of Tasmania) used her
1997 threetier classification
(concepts, context and arguments) to establish a base and measure
change. Results: middleschoolers had poorly developed
skills and effect size changes were modest. Conclusion: "broadly based educational
goals..., may provide contexts for using statistical literacy skills
across the curriculum." 
Rosemary
Callingham (U. New England, Au) presented "Assessing Statistical
Literacy: A Question of Interpretation." Reviews the
WatsonCallingham construct of statistical literacy, reviews Rasch
measurement and applies both to school data. Result:
Statistical Literacy is an independent construct, and
alternate forms of assessment are appropriate. 
Lynda Merriman (Baradene College,
NZ) presented "Using
Media Reports to Develop Statistical Literacy in Year 10 Students."
"no correlation between mathematical ability and
students’ performance", "positive
correlation between English ability and statistical literacy."
View
Pretest and
Posttest. Focus on lurking variables (alternate explanations). 
Warren
Palmer (right) and Anthony Crawford (University of Otago, NZ)
reviewed "Some Current Statistical Reporting by Journalists in New
Zealand." Items seldom published include response rates (14%
in the US today) and margins of error for small subgroups. They
concluded that the uncommitted vote was poorly handled and journalists need to be taught to do a better job.

Jim
Ridgway (left) and James Nicholson (right) presented challenges in
using multivariate data as evidence in schools. See also
Reasoning with Data  Time for a
Rethink? in
Teaching
Statistics. 
Philip
Yu, (left) and Wing K Fung (Hong Kong University). "Almost
every day we come across statistics in our newspapers. These statistics
have been used in ... a general education course offered to
undergraduate students ... without a statistics background. Students
find the topics interesting and appreciate the wideranging applications
of statistics in different areas. 
Carlos Araújo (Pontificate, Chile) presented
"Statistical Illiteracy...: A consequence of the different visions
about statistics." He reviewed various definitions of statistics and
asserted that statisticians' lack of interest in defining Statistics "is
the main reason for the inefficacy in the efforts made ... to install or
to improve statistical education in the region." 
Rebecca
Pierce (Indiana) presented "SATS
at Ball State Univ.: Approaches and Attitudes." Results
were presented from pre and post SATS scores. VALUE had a
small negative change. Several studies have found that students
see less value in statistics after taking an intro course than they did
before.
Schau's paper reviews the instrument and earlier
results. 
Nick Broers
(Netherlands) presented Learning Goals: The Primacy of Statistical
Knowledge. After reviewing three closelyrelated concepts (statistical literacy, reasoning and
thinking) he noted that "their existence is not
dictated by empirical observations." "the inherent ambiguity of the three concepts makes
them unsuitable as learning goals for statistics education."

Patrick
Murphy (University College, Ireland) presented, "A NonStandard
Approach to Teaching an Introductory Statistics Course...."
Student response shifted from 82% negative to uniformly positive.
Conclusion: "We believe that a “taster” course ... which ...
concentrates on principles and critical thinking should act as a
precursor to the new datadriven Introductory Statistics course."

Bob
delMas (left), Ann Ooms, Joan Garfield (U. Minnesota) and Beth Chance
(Cal. Polytechnic) described the NSFfunded ARTIST project, a
project designed "to help teachers assess statistical literacy,
statistical reasoning, and statistical thinking in first courses of
statistics." ARTIST stands for "Assessment Resource Tools for
Improving Statistical Thinking." ARTIST

Giovanni
Barbieri (right) & Paola Giacché IStat Italy. "we see
statistical numeracy as a tool for democracy, as a skill that should be
in the cultural baggage of every good citizen. If literacy is the
capability of expressing oneself and understanding, statistical numeracy
is the ability to understand, appreciate & use simple symbolical
expressions (numbers & charts)." 
Goef
Cumming (LaTrobe University) presented a paper relating repeatability (replication)
to statistical confidence and statistical significance. He noted
that a given 95% confidence interval can be expected to capture the
means of 86% of all future random samples. This paper may give
educators new options in presenting statistical inference. 
Fiona
Fidler (LaTrobe Univ./Univ Melbourne) asked "Should Psychology abandon
pvalues and teach CIs instead?." She traced the history of nullhypothesis
significance tests (NHST) in medicine, ecology and psychology. She noted
NHSTs are no
longer used in the journal, Epidemiology. See her ICOTS6 paper "The
Reeducation of Psychology." 
Carmen
Díaz (left) and Inmaculada de la Fuente (Univ. of Grenada) presented "Assessing
Psychology Students' Difficulties with Conditional Probability and
Bayesian Reasoning." They created a survey assessment to
measure understanding of 6 key concepts and 12 related procedures.
Psychology students' error rates ranged from 7% to 80%. 
Fred Zandpour (right) and
Tony Rimmer (California State Fullerton, US) presented "Media Studies
and Statistics: RealWorld Demands, Classroom Quandaries and OnLine
Solutions" "the classroom training in statistical thinking
that we offer our students is not currently responding to the challenges
coming at us from the realworld media where we hope to place these
students." 
Karen Francois and Nele Bracke presented Teaching Statistics in a
Critical Way: Historical, Philosophical and Political Aspects of
Statistics. "A second link between politics and statistics is
(scientific)philosophical in nature. Political refers to the fact that
the making of a choice is socially relevant. In this sense, politics
forms part of scientific activity." 
Milo
Schield (Augsburg College) presented results of the 2002 W. M. Keck
Statistical Literacy survey: high error rates. In
a 100% row table, 44% of students misread a description of a percentage.
In a pie chart, 53% of professionals misread a comparison of two slices.
In reading an XY plot, 81% of college teachers misread a "times more
than" comparison.
Slides.
Details. 
IASSIST 
2006 
Wendy
Watkins (Carleton, Canada) noted, "A problem in developing a QL program
... is that it lacks a disciplinary home. This paper examines the
processes by which these programs become mainstream, and recommend
approaches to develop a QL framework using best practices." Wendy presented "Introducing
Data into Canadian Academic Libraries" at ICOTS. 
At
IASSIST 2006, Milo Schield introduced an
expanded version of the webbased drill program that
evaluates users' ordinary English descriptions and comparisons of rates and
percentages in
a halfday workshop. Schedule. Feedback.
Milo also presented the results of the
2002 W. M. Keck Statistical Literacy Survey
Results: Reading Graphs and Tables
of Rates and Percentages. 
Numeracy International 
Statistical Educators & QL 
Dennis Trewin "We
live in the information age. Statistical thinking is a life skill that
all Australian children should have." SSAI
and ABS are working "to ensure Australian school children acquire a sufficient
understanding and appreciation of how data can be used so they can make informed judgements in their daily lives." Internat.
Statist. Rev. 73, #2 (2005) 
Beth
Haines (left) and
Jay
Jordan (right), Lawrence U. "statistics educators can and should
assist the QL cause." Students didn't see stats increasing
[their] interest. 
2006 ASA
JSM: Statistical 
& Quantitative Literacy 
Bernie
Madison, President of NNN, presented three
guidelines: "materials must be authentic," "fresh,"
and more "engaging." He predicted that if mathematics does not
lead QL, then QL will be
"a major threat to collegiate mathematics because QLfriendly courses
will likely replace courses such as college algebra." Slides:
6up.
Slides and
syllabus for "News Math" 
Milo
Schield (Augsburg College) reviewed graphs in USA
Today Snapshots online. Of the 229 graphs studied, ~70%
are bar graphs. Of these bar graphs, ~30% are 100% graphs while
~10% have bars that are wholes. Rules
are presented to identify if the bars are wholes. Includes recommendations.
[This paper ranked 2nd in 170 presented.]
6up 
Increasing QL through MACCC
Rebecca
Hartzler (Seattle CC) and Kim Rheinlander (Dartmouth) presented
slides on "Increasing QL
through MACCC." 
by
Marc Isaacson (Augsburg College). Student comment: “I have to admit,
that I took this course to fulfill the math credits I need. I didn't
really realize how important statistical literacy is until I took this
course. Even though I really don't like math, I may consider another
statistics course just to get full understanding and better skilled.” 
2005 US Conference On Teaching
Statistics
(USCOTS) 
In
her plenary talk, Roxy Peck (Cal
Poly)
characterized students in Intro Statistics as 'spectators,' 'referees'
and 'players.' Spectators are those
interested and excited: who enjoy “watching” In a statisticsappreciation type course, students
should appreciate the “beauty of statistics”
or at least their usefulness. 1up 
Ann
Watkins (left) and Dick
Scheaffer (right) gave a plenary talk.
Ann found that 49% of
statistical educators said we should teach concepts of inference  not
[statistical] tests. Dick
Scheaffer noted "the need for statistical thinkers" 
General Numeracy 
The
Chance Project has been housed at Dartmouth under the leadership
of J. Laurie Snell (right). Chance News reviews
articles in the news that use probability or statistical concepts.
It is aimed at helping the general public better understand current
chance news and assisting teachers ... who want to liven up their
courses by using current chance news. To make contributions
easier, Chance News is now available at
ChanceWiki. 
PDQ refers to Prose, Document, and
Quantitative literacy proficiency scales. "Prose literacy
measures how well individuals understand and use information found in
newspapers." "Document literacy assesses how well a
person understands information in forms, schedules, charts and graphs,
and tables. Quantitative literacy involves reading...materials
associated with Prose and Document literacy, but differs in that the
individual needs to identify the appropriate information and perform...
arithmetic operations." 
Student quantitative literacy:
Importance, Measurement and Correlation with Economic Literacy
by
Schuhmann,
McGoldrick and Burrus
(3/22/2005),. "For
students lacking a basic level of quantitative literacy, interpretation
of economic concepts can be lost in the translation." "This
lack of attention to students' quantitative literacy might contribute to
lower degrees of economic literacy." 
In
his
dissertation, James W. Mauch says "a basic understanding of
mathematics and statistics, as well as a knowledge of how numbers and
statistics can be used and abused... are important components of a
twentyfirst century American education. This understanding is
critical for the survival and success of the individual and our
representative democracy."
Extract. 
Task: Analyzing and Integrating Material from Graphs and
Text: "You
will be given materials (two charts or graphs and a brief reading
passage) on the same or similar topics. You will be asked to
identify and state accurately the claims in the reading selection
and to explain the relationship between these
claims and the relevant data in the figures with accuracy, clarity
and completeness." 
Led by Gilliland, Hartzler,
Leoni, Collins and Bibby. "The goal is
to create a mathematically literate society that ensures a workforce
equipped to compete in a technologically advanced global economy. This
will be accomplished by training math and nonmath faculty across the
disciplines to create, evaluate and modify projects that incorporate
mathematics."
See
AMATYC News. [
NSF DUE 0442439] 
National Survey of America's College
Students 
Fact Sheet:
"The survey measured abilities related to three types of skills: prose,
document and quantitative literacy. Quantitative literacy involves the
ability to perform computations – including balancing a checkbook,
calculating a tip, or completing an order form." 
"Students in 2 and 4year colleges have the most difficulty with
quantitative literacy: approximately 30 percent of students in 2year
institutions and nearly 20 percent of students in 4year institutions
have only Basic quantitative literacy."
Appendices
Q/L graphs
(zip) 
TOP
30 ARTICLE DOWNLOADS 
Top 30 Downloads from www.StatLit.org in 2006
Number in parenthesis is the number of reader
"download" in 2006.

Three Paradoxes,
Howard Wainer, Nat. Board of Medical Examiners. Draft for The American Statistician 2004 (1,338)

Exploring Simpson's Paradox,
by Larry Lesser NCTM 2001 (941)

Online Program for Decoding Ordinary English Descriptions
and Comparisons of
Percentages & Rates Burnham & Schield 2005 ASA (860)

Statistical Literacy:
An Online Course
at Capella University Marc Isaacson (Augsburg College)
2005 ASA (854)

Statistics for Political
Science Majors Gary Klass (Illinois State University) 2004 ASA (786)

Statistical Literacy Survey
Results, Schield 2006 IASSIST (694)

Frequency of Simpson's
Paradox in NAEP Data, Terwilliger & Schield, 2004 AERA (688)

Statistical
Literacy and Chance,
Milo Schield 2005 ASA (657)

Statistical Literacy Survey Analysis,
Schield 2006
ICOTS 6up (521)

People Count: The Social
Construction of Statistics Joel Best 2002 Augsburg College (460)

Percentage Tables in USA Today
Online,
Schield 2006 ASA (445)

Quantity Words Without Numbers: Why Students use "Many",
Schield 2005 Carleton (436)

People Count: The Social
Construction of Statistics, Joel Best 2002 ASA (433)

Statistical Literacy: An
Evangelical Calling for Statistical Educators, Milo Schield,
2005 ISI (429)

Some Difficulties Learning
Histograms, by Carl Lee & Maria MeletiouMavrotheris ASA 2003 (409)

Introduction to an
Online Ratio Statement Validator, Burnham & Schield, 2006 IASSIST
(311)


Why Should We Even Teach Statistics? A Bayesian
Perspective
Gudmund Iversen, 2000 Tokyo Round Table (298)

Statistical Literacy and Evidential Statistics,
1998 ASA (241)

Practical Applications of Benford's
Law for Integer Quantities by Dean Brooks, 2002 ASA (237)

Epidemiology for Teaching
Statistics Chris Olsen 2005 ASA (235)

Statistical Literacy
Curriculum Design, Milo Schield 2004
IASE Curriculum Roundtable, Lund Sweden (209)

Presenting Confounding Graphically Using Standardization, Milo
Schield 2006
Draft for STATS magazine (204)

Confounders
as Mathematical Objects, Schield and Burnham (Draft) 2006 MAA. Slides 6up
(200)

What Can 'CSI' Teach
Us about Statistical Literacy Jane
Miller 2005 ASA (192)

Important Math Concepts
for Numeracy Bernie Madison 2005 MAA (179)

Student Attitudes: The
Other Important Outcome in Statistical Education, Candace Schau
ASA JSM 2003 (171)

Three Graphs
To Promote Statistical Literacy
Milo Schield 2004 ICME10 (160)

Statistical Literacy: Describing and
Comparing Rates and Percentages Milo Schield 2000 ASA (137)

Schield "Statistical
Literacy" textbook: Introduction, 2005 (124)

Planning a Statistical
Literacy Course, Robert Hayden 2004 ASA (120)

TOP
12 SITE PAGES 
Top Web Pages Viewed at www.StatLit.org in 2006.
Number in parenthesis is the total number of
reader "views" in 2006.

StatLit 2005 (11,617):
StatLit related news items from 2005.

StatLit Papers
(2,019): List of over 200 webaccessible StatLit related papers.

StatLit Survey (1,814): Take
surveys on Statistical Literacy.

StatLit Books
(1,710): List of over 300 StatLit related books.

Q/L Textbooks
(1,558): Details on 7 Q/Lrelated textbooks.
Note that the top site
page,
Program Introduction and Operating
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Joel Best
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Standardizing (1,232): Excel graph
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StatLit 2004
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StatLit 2003
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